How to Sell a Gun in New Jersey

New Jersey is known for having some of the strictest gun laws in the United States, coming in just behind California. Selling a gun in Garden State requires a thorough understanding of both state and federal laws and regulations. This comprehensive guide delves into these laws and offers practical advice for successfully selling a gun in New Jersey while adhering to the highest safety standards.

Written by:
Isaiah Miller
June 14, 2023
minutes read
Map of New Jersey

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State Laws for Private Sales

New Jersey's stringent gun laws apply to private firearm sales, encompassing regulations on age, permits, and purchase limits. Buyers must be at least 18 years old for rifles, shotguns, and ammunition, and 21 years old for handguns.

Photo representing New Jersey

A Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPID) is required for shotgun or long gun transfers.
For a handgun purchase, you need a Handgun Purchase Permit (HPP)

Additionally, New Jersey enforces limits on handgun purchases and maintains no restrictions on rifle, shotgun, or antique cannon purchases with a valid FPIC.

  • There is a limit of one handgun purchase or delivery per permit in the state.
  • There are no restrictions on the number of rifles, shotguns, and antique cannons that can be purchased with a valid FPIC.

Inheriting Firearms in New Jersey

Inheriting firearms in New Jersey is subject to specific regulations under state and federal law. These laws are designed to prevent prohibited individuals from obtaining firearms and to ensure that the transfer of firearms is done legally and safely. In this article, we will provide an overview of the key regulations that apply to the inheritance of firearms in New Jersey and what you need to know to transfer firearms legally and safely.

Picture of an antique gun, with cleaning and repair kit

In-state Inheritance

When receiving an inherited firearm within New Jersey, the recipient is not required to obtain a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPID) or Handgun Purchase Permit (HPP). However, they must meet the legal requirements for firearm possession in the state, and the firearm itself must be legal to possess. It's important to note that the recipient cannot be prohibited from owning the firearm under the 13 restrictions outlined in N.J.S. 2C:58-3j. In the event that the recipient is prohibited from owning the firearm, they are allowed to maintain ownership for up to 180 days to facilitate its sale, but the firearm must be held in the custody of law enforcement during this period.

Out-of-state Inheritance

Individuals residing outside of New Jersey can inherit firearms from the state if allowed by their home state's laws.

Purchasing and Transferring Antique and Black Powder Firearms

If you're looking to buy or transfer an antique or black powder firearm in New Jersey, there are some important regulations to keep in mind. In order to do so, you will need a Firearm Identification Card or Permit to Purchase. Understanding these regulations is crucial for ensuring a smooth and legal transaction when it comes to antique and black powder firearms in New Jersey.

Restrictions on Firearm Purchases

New Jersey has specific regulations on the number of firearms that can be purchased at once, as earlier mentioned in the section State Laws for Private Sales. These regulations are put in place to ensure that guns are acquired safely and legally. In New Jersey, there is the handgun-per-permit rule, while long gun purchases do not have any restrictions on the number of firearms that can be purchased at once. It's important to note that regardless of the type of firearm being purchased, all buyers must undergo a background check and complete a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card application. Failing to comply with these regulations can result in serious legal consequences.


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Conducting a Legal Firearm Sale in New Jersey

When conducting a legal firearm sale in New Jersey, it is crucial to ensure the buyer's eligibility by verifying their permit or Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPIC) and checking for any disqualifying factors. Transactions should generally be conducted through a Federally Licensed Gun Dealer (FFL), with exceptions for immediate family members, law enforcement officers, and licensed collectors. Lastly, proper documentation and background checks must be completed, with specific requirements for heirs or legatees acquiring firearms after the owner's death.

Photo of New Jersey State Police's website. Firearms Application & Registration System

Federal Laws and Regulations

Federal laws and regulations play a crucial role in selling firearms in New Jersey, with background checks being mandatory for both private sales and those through a Federal Firearms Licensee (FFL). Transactions with out-of-state residents must occur at an FFL in New Jersey, and it is illegal to sell firearms to prohibited persons, such as convicted felons or those with intent to harm others. To ensure compliance, buyers must complete ATF Form 4473 and undergo a National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) check when purchasing from a licensed dealer.

Picture of ATF's website form 4473- Firearms Transaction Record Revisions
Photo of FBI's website, Firearms checks ( NICS )

Tips for Safe and Responsible Gun Sales

When selling a handgun, rifle, or shotgun, it's crucial to ensure a safe and responsible transaction. To do so, prevent sales to prohibited persons by performing background checks and understanding disqualifying factors for potential buyers. Additionally, certain transactions can bypass a federally licensed gun dealer, such as sales between immediate family members, law enforcement officers, or licensed firearms collectors. Adhering to these guidelines not only ensures compliance with state and federal laws but also promotes a safer community and responsible gun ownership practices.

Understanding Disqualifying Factors for Buyers

Before selling a firearm, it is crucial to understand the disqualifying factors that may prevent potential buyers from obtaining a permit or a Firearm Purchaser Identification Card (FPIC). These factors include criminal convictions, drug dependency, mental disorder confinement, habitual drunkenness, and falsification of application information.

The federal disqualification categories consist of convictions that have maximum imprisonment terms exceeding one year, warrants, pre-trial release for a felony charge, misdemeanor crimes related to domestic violence, restraining/stalking/protection orders, mental health adjudication or commitment, unlawful use or addiction to controlled substances, dishonorable discharge from the armed forces, renounced U.S. citizenship, and illegal alien status.

By familiarizing yourself with these factors and complying with state and federal laws, you can promote safe and responsible firearm sales, which contributes to building a safer community.


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A Guide to Securely Sell Your Firearm and Maximize Its Value

For a secure firearm sale that yields the best possible price, consider the following steps. 

First, ensure your firearm is in excellent working order, clean, and properly maintained. Provide an accurate description of the gun, specifying its make, model, caliber, and any included accessories. 

Additionally, prepare a detailed bill of sale with all pertinent documents, such as receipts and warranty information. 

Finally, adhere to all applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations when transferring firearm ownership.

For a trustworthy and safe platform to sell your firearm, consider Cash for Arms. We guarantee prompt payment, top market value, and coverage of all transaction expenses, making the process both convenient and cost-effective. We adhere to all required protocols to ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations, providing a secure and safe transaction. 

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Moreover, we offer various selling options, including outright sales or gun consignment sales.

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General Questions & Answers

Where can I legally sell a gun in New Jersey?

To legally sell a firearm in New Jersey, you can sell it to a licensed firearms dealer or through a private sale. When selling to a licensed dealer, they will handle most of the legalities and paperwork. Private sales, while more complex, are also an option. For a private sale, the buyer must possess a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card for long guns or a Permit to Purchase a Handgun for handguns. You'll also need to report the transaction to the New Jersey State Police using the appropriate form and conduct the transaction in a safe public place, such as a police station.

How to sell an inherited gun in New Jersey?

Selling an inherited firearm in New Jersey requires adherence to specific regulations for the safety of both seller and buyer. First, the type of firearm - handgun, rifle, or shotgun - must be identified as different rules apply to each. Ensure the firearm you're selling is legal under New Jersey law. Once confirmed, locate a buyer who must be eligible to purchase and possess a firearm as per state law; this includes being at least 18 years old for rifles and shotguns and 21 for handguns. In New Jersey, firearms transactions necessitate an intermediary Federal Firearms Licensee (FFL), such as a gun store, who performs a National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) check on the buyer. The sale can only proceed if the buyer passes this check. The transaction is recorded by the FFL dealer, and both parties must fill out a state transaction record form (NJSP 671) to be submitted to the New Jersey State Police; both seller and buyer should keep a copy. Lastly, the income from the sale must be reported in your taxes

Is it legal to sell guns in New Jersey?

Yes, you can sell guns in New Jersey, but the process is strictly regulated by law. Generally, private gun sales must be processed through a federally licensed firearms dealer (FFL), and the purchaser must have a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPIC) and a permit for each handgun being purchased. Also, for private handgun sales, the seller must report the sale to the state police.

Are private gun sales allowed in New Jersey?

Yes, Private firearm sales in New Jersey are allowed, but they must go through an FFL dealer. This means that both the buyer and the seller of a handgun would need to visit an FFL dealer and complete the necessary paperwork and background check.

What are the rules for gun ownership in New Jersey?

Prior to purchasing a firearm in New Jersey, all prospective purchasers must obtain either a permit to purchase a handgun (one permit per handgun purchase) or a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPIC) (one card allows unlimited rifle and shotgun purchases), from local law enforcement or the New Jersey State Police (NJSP).

Is New Jersey an open-carry state?

No, New Jersey is not an open-carry state. If you want to carry a gun in New Jersey, you need a New Jersey Permit to Carry a Handgun (PCH). This permit is required to carry a firearm in the state, and concealed carry is only legal with a New Jersey PCH. These permits are issued to both residents and non-residents.

Why can't I carry a gun in New Jersey?

Since public safety weighs mightily against a specific individual's right to carry a firearm in New Jersey, the state statutory and regulatory scheme aims to lessen opportunities for guns to cause injuries and deaths.

Can I own an AR 15 in New Jersey?

The state prohibits the possession and transfer of assault weapons and large-capacity ammunition magazines. Automatic weapons are prohibited as well as any gun that comes under the state's legal definition of an assault weapon. For example, AR-15 rifles must not have certain features such as flash suppressors, folding or telescoping stocks, or pistol grips in order to be legal in New Jersey. Even with these modifications, the rifle is still subject to additional regulations and may require a specific permit.



Cash for Arms adheres to all necessary protocols to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations, preventing the sale of firearms to prohibited individuals.



As experienced and knowledgeable gun buyers, Cash for Arms provides the best market value for your firearm, ensuring you get the best possible price.



Cash for Arms pays all costs involved in the transaction, making it a hassle-free and cost-effective option for selling your gun.



We pay within 24 hours of receiving your firearms.



Safe and Secure Transaction: Multiple Selling Options: Cash for Arms offers multiple selling options to suit your needs, including selling outright or cash consignment.



By choosing a reputable buyer like Cash for Arms, you can ensure a safe and secure sale of your firearm, protecting yourself from potential legal complications.

When selling a gun in New Jersey, always abide by federal, state, and local regulations to ensure a legal, secure, and profitable transaction. By following the tips and recommendations provided above, you can successfully navigate the process of selling your firearm.


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