How To Sell a Gun in Oregon

Oregon has strict policies when it comes to private sales of firearms. But with the guidance of our team, you can make it a stress-free experience. In this article, we will lead you through all the steps of how to sell a gun in Oregon, whether as a private seller or through a licensed dealer. We’ll cover everything, from background checks to paperwork, giving you the right information and advice for a legal and safe sale.

Written by:
Isaiah Miller
June 13, 2023
minutes read
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Oregon's Firearms Laws

Oregon has specific regulations in place regarding private firearm sales, primarily governed by the Oregon Firearms Safety Act. This law mandates background checks for firearm transfers between private parties, with certain exceptions outlined, including:

Transfer for activities such as target practice at shooting ranges, safety or training courses, or similar lawful activities.

  • Temporary transfer for hunting, trapping, or target shooting activities
  • Transfer to professionals engaged in firearm repair or custom accessory making
  • Transfers are necessary to prevent imminent death or serious physical injury
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In all cases, both the seller and the buyer must appear in person before a licensed gun dealer, who facilitates the background check on the buyer. The licensed dealer then determines the approval or disapproval of the transfer based on state and federal laws.

It's important to note that these regulations aim to ensure responsible firearm ownership and transfer within the state of Oregon. It is recommended to consult official government sources or seek legal advice to stay updated on the latest laws and exemptions regarding private firearm sales in Oregon.

Federal Laws

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When engaging in firearm sales in Oregon, it is crucial to be familiar with the overarching federal laws that govern such transactions. The National Firearms Act (NFA) and the Gun Control Act (GCA) serve as the foundation for these laws, regulating firearm sales and imposing specific requirements on sellers and buyers.

The Gun Control Act of 1968 establishes various provisions, including the minimum age requirements for purchasing firearms and ammunition. In general, the Act sets the minimum age at 18 years for the purchase of shotguns, rifles, and ammunition, while handguns and other firearms require a minimum age of 21 years. Additionally, the Act prohibits firearm sales to individuals with certain criminal records, a history of drug abuse, mental health issues, and other disqualifying factors.

These federal laws play a significant role in shaping the regulations and requirements for firearm sales, not only in Oregon but throughout the United States. It is important to understand and adhere to these laws to ensure compliance and promote responsible firearm transactions.


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Prepare Your Gun for Sale

As a responsible seller, it is a good practice to:

Clean and maintain your firearm to ensure it is in excellent condition. This not only enhances its appeal but also ensures that the buyer receives a quality product.

Provide an accurate description of the firearm, including its make, model, caliber, and any accompanying accessories.

When it comes to setting the price, conducting research is essential to understand the current market value of the firearm. This allows you to set a fair price and be well-prepared for any negotiations.

Locating a Legal Buyer, Screening, and Transfer

Screening potential buyers is a vital step to ensure they are legally eligible to purchase a firearm. Licensed dealers are required to perform background checks on all buyers using the Firearms Instant Check System (FICS). As a private seller, you are encouraged to conduct a voluntary background check through an FFL holder or the Oregon State Police.

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Once you have found a legal buyer, you will need to complete a firearm bill of sale form. This document includes transaction specifics and is signed by both parties to record the transfer of ownership.

By following these steps, you can responsibly sell your firearm in compliance with Oregon's laws and promote a safe and legal transfer process.

Sell to Cash for Arms

It doesn't matter whether you are selling a pistol, a rifle, or a shotgun. For a hassle-free way to sell your firearm, consider Cash for Arms. We offer competitive prices and handle all the necessary paperwork, providing a seamless experience for sellers.

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Why Choose Cash for Arms?

Choosing Cash for Arms offers several advantages. We provide immediate payment, so you get cash in hand right away. Our gun consignment option lets you set your price while we sell the firearm on your behalf. Plus, we ensure a safe and secure transfer of ownership, adhering to all laws and regulations.

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Remember, always check the most current laws and regulations when planning to sell a firearm in Oregon. We hope this guide has helped clarify the process, so you can approach your firearm sale with confidence and peace of mind

General Questions & Answers

Is it legal to sell guns in Oregon?

Anyone who can legally own a firearm can also sell one in a private transaction, however, per ORS 166.435(2) the seller and buyer must utilize a federally licensed gun dealer to conduct a background check on the buyer prior to completing the change of ownership.

Can you buy a gun in Oregon without a license?

No, you can’t. You must apply for and be issued a "Permit to Purchase" firearm.

How much is a handgun permit in Oregon?

The fee for an initial Oregon Concealed Handgun License is $65. Renewal licenses cost $50. Duplicate fees are generally $15 and transfer fees are $15-30 depending on the Sheriff you are applying with.

Can someone from out of state sell a gun in Oregon?

Whenever a private individual, not a gun store, sells a firearm across state lines (meaning to a person who resides in another state), a federally licensed firearm dealer must be utilized in the buyer's state of residence to facilitate the transfer.

Do you need a federally-issued ID to buy a gun in Oregon?

Yes, you do need an ID to buy a gun legally in Oregon. Buyers present their driver's license or another form of government-issued photo ID. That information is entered into Oregon's Firearms Instant Check System. Living up to its name, 96% of FICS applications are approved within minutes. A buyer can leave with the firearm.

What do you need to sell firearms in Oregon?

As a private seller, you are encouraged to conduct a voluntary background check through an FFL holder or the Oregon State Police. Once you have found a legal buyer, you will need to complete a firearm bill of sale form.

What is the process to buy a gun in Oregon?

The applicant is responsible for completing a certified firearm safety course and obtaining proof of completion. The applicant submits a completed Permit to Purchase application and proof of completion of an approved safety course to a Permit Agent which is defined as a local Police Department or Sheriff's Office.

What documents I need to buy a gun in Oregon?

A person must apply for and be issued a "Permit to Purchase" a firearm or firearms from the Police Chief or County Sheriff with jurisdiction over the residence of the person making the application.  These Law Enforcement entities are referred to as "Permit Agents" in this program.   

Prior to a person buying, leasing, or otherwise transferring a firearm from a "Gun Dealer", the person must show proof of current identification and a valid "Permit-to-Purchase" before the Federally Licensed Firearms "Gun Dealer" can conduct firearms background checks on persons attempting to purchase a firearm (ORS 166.412) in Oregon.

What are the rules for gun ownership in Oregon?

To purchase a firearm in Oregon, you must be at least 18 years old for long guns and 21 for handguns. A background check is necessary for all purchases from licensed dealers. Private sales must also go through a background check conducted by a licensed dealer. A person must apply for and be issued a "Permit to Purchase" firearm.

Are Oregon gun laws strict?

Measure 114 would make Oregon's gun laws some of the strictest in the nation. It requires gun buyers to first get a permit, which means they must complete a firearm safety course, pay a fee of up to $65 dollars, submit to a full background check, and receive approval from local law enforcement.

Does Oregon have a gun registry?

The state of Oregon does not maintain a statewide gun registry. This means that the state does not keep a database or official record of who owns which firearms. However, the Oregon State Police do keep records of firearm transfer applications for five years.

How much does it cost to transfer a gun in Oregon?

When a private individual, rather than a gun store, sells a firearm to someone residing in another state, the transfer must be facilitated by a federally licensed firearm dealer in the buyer's state of residence. The fees associated with this process can vary depending on the specific FFL (Federal Firearms License) involved.

Does Oregon allow private gun sales?

Yes, it is legal to conduct a private gun sale in Oregon.  Private-party gun sales in Oregon now require a criminal background check. 

Can you gift someone a gun in Oregon?

Yes, you can gift someone a gun in Oregon. Under federal law, individuals are allowed to transfer firearms as gifts to someone who is legally allowed to possess firearms, provided that both the giver and the recipient reside in the same state. In Oregon, there are no specific state laws prohibiting the gifting of firearms as long as both parties meet the legal requirements for firearm ownership.

Who can't own a gun in Oregon?

Under federal law, people are generally prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms if they have been convicted of a felony or some domestic violence misdemeanors, or if they are subject to certain court orders related to domestic violence or a serious mental condition.



Cash for Arms adheres to all necessary protocols to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations, preventing the sale of firearms to prohibited individuals.



As experienced and knowledgeable gun buyers, Cash for Arms provides the best market value for your firearm, ensuring you get the best possible price.



Cash for Arms pays all costs involved in the transaction, making it a hassle-free and cost-effective option for selling your gun.



We pay within 24 hours of receiving your firearms.



Safe and Secure Transaction: Multiple Selling Options: Cash for Arms offers multiple selling options to suit your needs, including selling outright or cash consignment.



By choosing a reputable buyer like Cash for Arms, you can ensure a safe and secure sale of your firearm, protecting yourself from potential legal complications.


Understanding the gun laws in Oregon involves navigating a multitude of state and federal laws. Whether you are a current gun owner, prospective buyer, or simply someone interested in the topic, being knowledgeable about these laws is paramount for ensuring responsible and legal firearm ownership.


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