How to Sell a Gun in North Dakota

As a responsible firearm owner in North Dakota, it is crucial to understand the ins and outs of buying and selling firearms within the legal framework. From exploring how to sell a gun privately in North Dakota to providing advice on maximizing the value of your firearm, our guide covers both state and federal laws that impact gun sales. We also discuss ownership restrictions, legal responsibilities, and special considerations for transactions involving minors.

Written by:
Manny Perovic
June 13, 2023
minutes read
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North Dakota State Laws for Private Sales

Selling a handgun and other firearms in North Dakota entails strict adherence to the state's laws and regulations. Notably, local governments in North Dakota cannot enact policies that are more restrictive than state law concerning gun transactions. The state law prohibits restrictive ordinances on firearms and ammunition, creating a relatively homogeneous regulatory environment across the state.

Selling a Gun as a Private Party in North Dakota

Private firearm sales in North Dakota do not require a background check. However, there are criminal penalties for selling a firearm to an ineligible person, selling a defaced firearm, or selling a restricted firearm. Therefore, it is crucial for sellers to be aware of the individuals they are selling to, as well as the condition and type of firearm being sold. Additionally, it is important to note that federal laws still apply.

North Dakota State Firearm Ownership Restrictions

In North Dakota, age restrictions apply for purchasing firearms. A buyer must be 18 years old to purchase rifles, shotguns, and ammunition, and 21 years old to purchase handguns.

Permit Requirements

North Dakota does not require permits or registration to own a firearm in the state, making the purchase process relatively straightforward.

Disqualification Categories

However, some categories disqualify individuals from owning firearms. These include convictions where the crime has a maximum imprisonment term exceeding 1 year, active warrants (felony or out-of-state misdemeanor), felony pre-trial release, misdemeanor crimes of domestic violence, restraining/stalking/protection order, mental health adjudication or commitment, unlawful use or addiction to a controlled substance, dishonorable discharge from the armed forces, renounced U.S. citizenship, and being an illegal alien.


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Federal Laws Impacting Gun Sales in North Dakota

To buy a handgun in North Dakota, buyers must be at least 21 years old, provide a state ID, and undergo a background check performed by a licensed firearms dealer, unless purchasing from a private seller.

Buying Long Guns

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For long guns, the minimum age is 18, and buyers must also provide an ID. A background check is required unless purchasing from a private seller.

Requirements for Background Checks

The background check process involves completing a Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms form 4473 and undergoing a National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) check. This background check determines whether the purchaser is allowed to complete the purchase of the firearm.

ATF"s website form 4473 - Firearms Transaction Record Revisions
FBI's website Firearms Checks (NICS)

Other Relevant Information for Selling a Gun in North Dakota

Our information is compiled from a memorandum of North Dakota State Laws and Published Ordinances, providing you with a reliable source for legal guidelines.

Antique Firearms Laws in North Dakota

Unlike some states, North Dakota does not differentiate between antique/replica firearms and modern firearms, treating all as the same under the law.

Carrying Firearms in North Dakota

North Dakota permits the open carry of long guns without a permit. However, rules for carrying handguns vary based on the time of day and certain exceptions.

Concealed Carry Laws

North Dakota also has a "permitless carry" law, which allows for concealed carry of handguns without a permit. For those wishing to open carry or carry concealed when traveling to other states, North Dakota still issues CCW permits.

Legal Responsibilities and Penalties in North Dakota Gun Transactions\

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Illegal firearm sales can lead to severe consequences. Charges can range up to a felony criminal charge, emphasizing the necessity of following all laws during the sale of a firearm.

Prohibited Places for Carrying Firearms in North Dakota

In North Dakota, carrying firearms is prohibited in certain places. These include liquor establishments, casinos, athletic or sporting events, schools or school functions, church or church functions, political rallies or functions, music concerts, and publicly owned parks where hunting is not allowed, or publicly owned or operated buildings, excluding federal or state parks or buildings.

Special Considerations for Minors and Firearms in North Dakota

Under adult supervision, and for specific purposes like firearms safety training, target shooting, or hunting, minors may use firearms. Minors under 15 can carry and use firearms under the direct supervision of a parent or guardian.

Guidelines for Adults Supervising Minors with Firearms

For adults supervising minors, it is critical to ensure that minors are following all applicable state and federal laws, including age restrictions, and to be aware of any disqualifications that may apply to the minor.


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Tips for a Successful and Legal Sale

The following are practical tips to consider for a successful and legal sale:

Cleaning and Maintenance

Before putting your firearm on the market, ensure it is in good working condition and properly cleaned. This not only enhances the appeal of your firearm but also reflects respect for the potential buyer.

Picture of a rifle in a case, with ammo

Accurate Description

When advertising your firearm for sale, provide an accurate and detailed description. This includes information about the make, model, caliber, and any accessories. Clear and honest communication can save both parties a lot of time and trouble.


Prepare a complete bill of sale. This document should detail the terms of the sale and protects both parties in case of disputes. It's advisable to include the make, model, caliber, and serial number of the firearm, as well as the buyer's and seller's personal information.

Completing the Sale

Ensure you follow all applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations. This includes verifying the buyer's eligibility, conducting background checks, and properly documenting the sale.

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Choosing Cash for Arms to Sell Your Firearms

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Opting for Cash for Arms is a secure and reliable method for selling your firearm. By selecting a reputable buyer, you can guarantee a smooth and legal transaction while obtaining the best market value for your firearm.

General Questions & Answers

How to sell a registered gun in North Dakota?

Selling a registered firearm in North Dakota is a relatively straightforward process. Ensure that the firearm is legally owned and registered in your name. You need to find a buyer who is a resident of North Dakota and at least 18 years old for rifles and shotguns or 21 years old for handguns. They should have no legal restrictions preventing them from owning a firearm, such as felony convictions or restraining orders. Then, you should meet the buyer in person to complete the sale. 

You could use a Federal Firearms Licensed (FFL) dealer to facilitate the transaction, which will handle the background check and maintain a record of the sale. 

What are the gun Selling laws in North Dakota?

Typically, when it comes to the sale and acquisition of firearms, North Dakota predominantly adheres to federal law. To lawfully purchase a firearm, individuals must meet certain age requirements: 18 years old for rifles, shotguns, and ammunition, and at least 21 years old for handguns.

Do guns need to be registered in North Dakota?

North Dakota has no law requiring the registration of gun owners.

Can I buy a gun in North Dakota as a non-resident?

Non-ND residents must have a valid concealed weapon license from their home state, which state must have reciprocity with North Dakota. The home state is determined by the driver's license. or by mail from BCI.

Can I buy a gun in North Dakota without a permit?

Yes, you can. No permits, firearms registration, or background checks are required to buy a handgun from a private individual.

Is North Dakota an open-carry state?

North Dakota generally allows people to openly carry long guns in most public spaces.

What weapons are illegal in North Dakota?

North Dakota prohibits anyone from purchasing, selling, having, or possessing a machine gun or fully automatic rifle unless that person has complied with the National Firearms Act, which only requires that the firearms be registered.

Do I need a background check to buy a gun in North Dakota?

No, North Dakota does not require private sellers to conduct background checks or keep records of the sale, it is highly recommended for your protection.

Are AR 15 legal in North Dakota?

AR-15 rifles are generally legal to own and possess in North Dakota. They are not specifically prohibited under state law. 

What is the process to buy a gun in North Dakota?

Must be at least 18 years of age. Must be 21 to purchase a handgun, but may possess at 18. In North Dakota provided individual is legally able to possess a firearm under the law.

Are North Dakota gun laws strict?

North Dakota is one of the states with the most lenient gun laws.

Does North Dakota have a gun registry?

North Dakota has no law requiring the registration of gun owners.



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By choosing a reputable buyer like Cash for Arms, you can ensure a safe and secure sale of your firearm, protecting yourself from potential legal complications.


Selling a gun in North Dakota can be straightforward when you understand the legalities involved. Keep these guidelines in mind to ensure you're conducting your transaction responsibly and within the confines of the law.


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